EM08-Disaster Response and Recovery (Service Package*)
DescriptionThis service package enhances the ability of the surface transportation system to respond to and recover from disasters. It addresses the most severe incidents that require an extraordinary response from outside the local community. All types of disasters are addressed including natural disasters (hurricanes, earthquakes, floods, winter storms, tsunamis, etc.) and technological and man-made disasters (hazardous materials incidents, nuclear power plant accidents, and national security emergencies such as nuclear, chemical, biological, and radiological weapons attacks).
The service package supports coordination of emergency response plans, including general plans developed before a disaster as well as specific tactical plans with short time horizon that are developed as part of a disaster response. The service package provides enhanced access to the scene for response personnel and resources, provides better information about the transportation system in the vicinity of the disaster, and maintains situation awareness regarding the disaster itself. In addition, this service package tracks and coordinates the transportation resources - the transportation professionals, equipment, and materials - that constitute a portion of the disaster response.
The service package identifies the key points of integration between transportation systems and the public safety, emergency management, public health, and other allied organizations that form the overall disaster response. In this service package, the Emergency Management subsystem represents the federal, regional, state, and local Emergency Operations Centers and the Incident Commands that are established to respond to the disaster. The interface between the Emergency Management Subsystem and the other center subsystems provides situation awareness and resource coordination among transportation and other allied response agencies. In its role, traffic management implements special traffic control strategies and detours and restrictions to effectively manage traffic in and around the disaster. Maintenance and construction provides damage assessment of road network facilities and manages service restoration. Transit management provides a similar assessment of status for transit facilities and modifies transit operations to meet the special demands of the disaster. As immediate public safety concerns are addressed and disaster response transitions into recovery, this service package supports transition back to normal transportation system operation, recovering resources, managing on-going transportation facility repair, supporting data collection and revised plan coordination, and other recovery activities.
This service package builds on the basic traffic incident response service that is provided by ATMS08, the Traffic Incident Management service package. This service package addresses the additional complexities and coordination requirements that are associated with the most severe incidents that warrant an extraordinary response from outside the local jurisdictions and require special measures such as the activation of one or more emergency operations centers. Many users of the National ITS Architecture will want to consider both ATMS08 and this service package since every region is concerned with both day-to-day management of traffic-related incidents and occasional management of disasters that require extraordinary response.
Disaster Response and Recovery is also supported by EM10, the "Disaster Traveler Information" service package that keeps the public informed during a disaster response. See that service package for more information.
- Equipment Packages
- Goals and Objectives
- ITS Applications
- User Services
- Transaction Set
Service Package Graphic
Includes Equipment Packages and Subsystems:
Includes Architecture Flows:
Associated Planning Factors and Goals
|F. Enhance the integration and connectivity of the transportation system, across and between modes, for people and freight;||Enhance the integration and connectivity of the transportation system|
|G. Promote efficient system management and operation;||Increase operational efficiency and reliability of the transportation system|
|Emergency/Incident Management: Inter-Agency Coordination|
Related ITS Applications of ITS Taxonomy
|Classification||Category||ITS Application Area||ITS Application(s)|
|Intelligent Infrastructure||Emergency Management||Response & Recovery||Response Management|
User Services related to this Service Package:
|5.3 Disaster Response And Evacuation|
Transaction Set DiagramNote that this transaction set diagram (TSD) is only 1 of the 3 TSDs and so only a portion of the numbered items below refer to the TSD.
EM08 transaction set diagrams: Part 1, Part 2, Part 3,
The source graphic, a Windows Metafile (WMF), for the TSDs can be downloaded here:
TSD Part 1,
TSD Part 2,
TSD Part 3,
The following discusses how the National ITS Architecture provides the transportation service described by this service package. Each numbered item describes the operation of that portion of the service package identified with the corresponding number on the transaction set diagram.
Current incident response status is shared with transportation systems in the region (Traffic Management Subsystem, Transit Management Subsystem, Maintenance and Construction Management Subsystem, and Rail Operations), providing situation awareness for transportation system operators in the disaster area. This response status is updated as the response evolves and continues as the response transitions into recovery. The information provided would include EOC activation information and location and status of incident command(s) and staging area(s). Representatives from transportation agencies in the region provide staff support to the Emergency Operations Center(s) as they are activated. Coordination between Emergency Management Subsystems provides situation awareness and resource coordination among allied response agencies (incident response coordination).
Emergency access to the disaster area is established and coordinated between the Traffic Management and Emergency Management Subsystems. Specific traffic management actions are identified to maintain a smooth flow for transport of emergency resources, including traffic control points, barricade plans, and potential one-way/reverse lane operations. The Emergency Management Subsystem, representing an EOC, may make direct traffic control requests to the Traffic Management Subsystem to establish and maintain access (emergency traffic control request). These requests may preempt the current traffic control strategy in effect at one or more signalized intersections or highway segments, activate traffic control and closure systems such as gates and barriers, activate safeguard systems, or use driver information systems such as DMS or HAR. The Traffic Management Subsystem returns information indicating the Traffic Management Subsystemís status in implementing the traffic control request (emergency traffic control information). The same architecture flow carries information indicating the status of requested emergency access routes.